Food & Drink

Popular Tropical Fruits in the Philippines

Written by Patrick

As a tropical country, the Philippines boasts of different kinds of tropical fruits that vary in taste, shape, color, and size. While there are also native fruits, a lot of the items in this list feature fruits that are exotic and cultured in the country because of their economic importance. Some of these fruits grow all year-round while some are seasonal. Below is the list of popular tropical fruits in the Philippines. Get to know them here!

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01 | Coconuts (Niyog)

The coconut is more than just a symbol of beaches and summer. Every island in the Philippines has coconuts and it is one of the tropical trees that bears fruits year round. Its juice is refreshingly cool and its meat tastes good. The coconut is used not only for culinary but also for cosmetics, medicine, ropes, mats, and even fuel. Coconut is available year-round in the Philippines.

02 | Bananas (Saging)

Philippine tropical fruit - banana

Like coconuts, bananas grow all year round. In fact, the Philippines is one of the world’s top exporters of bananas, along with other tropical fruits including coconut and pineapple. There are more than 5 varieties of bananas in the country with lakatan, latundan, saba, and cavendish being the most popular. Banana is available year-round in the Philippines.

03 | Mangoes (Mangga)

Philippine tropical fruit - mango

Mango is the country’s national fruit. They usually bear fruit during dry season which is from November to May. The island of Guimaras in Western Visayas is the mango capital of the Philippines and is known to produce one of the sweetest mangoes in the world. Peak season of mango in the Philippines is from March to June.

04 | Pineapple (Pinya)

Pineapple

Pineapples may not grow everywhere in the Philippines, but the country remains to be one of the top exporters of this fruit. They’re in season from May to July. Aside from food, pineapples are also used in textile industry. Season of pineapple in the Philippines is from May to July.

05 | Papaya

Papayas bear fruit all year round. When ripe, they’re eaten raw and used in culinary when unripe. Papaya is available year-round in the Philippines.

06 | Mangosteen

Mangosteen

Caption: Mangosteen | Image Source

Mangosteen is popular not just for its delectable sweet sour taste but also for its high nutritional value. It’s even made into a food supplement that can be readily-taken through capsules and juice. Peak season of mangosteen in the Philippines, especially in Mindanao is from August to October.

07 | Jackfruit (Langka)

Jackfruit

Locally called langka, jackfruits contain several large seeds and flesh. When ripe, the flesh is eaten raw and mixed in turon (native snack) and halo halo (cold dessert). It is one of the tropical fruits that when unripe is used in a popular dish in the Philippines called KBL which stands for kadyos, baboy, langka (pigeon peas, pork, jackfruit). Jackfruit season in the Philippines is from March to May.

08 | Watermelon (Pakwan)

Watermelon

Due to its high water content, the cold watermelon is a great thirst-quencher during hot summer days. This large fruit has a thick rind and fleshy center with several black seeds. In the Philippines, varieties can be red or yellow. The latter being sweeter of the two. Peak season of watermelon in the Philippines is during summer or from March to June.

09 | Calamansi

Calamansi

Also known as calamondin or Philippine lime, the calamansi is primarily used in beverages and condiments, marinades, and preserves. This citrus fruit may have a sour taste but has high Vitamin C content. Calamansi is available year-round in the Philippines with its peak season on August to October.

READ MORE: Calamansi – The Amazing Tiny Filipino Citrus Fruit

10 | Durian

Durian is probably one of the least favorite tropical fruits in the Philippines due to its strong odor but it surprisingly taste good. Its yellow flesh is eaten raw and made into candies. Season of durian in the Philippines, especially in Mindanao is July to October.

11 | Star Fruit (Balingbing)

Bilimbi or Balingbing

This fruit that resembles a star when cut in cross-section is usually eaten raw and made into preserves, relishes, and juice drinks. With less than 4% sugar content, carambolas are tarty and sour. Star fruit or balingbing (aka balimbing) is available year-round in the Philippines.

12 | Avocado

Avocado

Aside from its flavorful taste, avocado is known for having high healthy fat (monounsaturated fat) content. It’s a well-loved food in vegetarian cuisine and is often used for salads, dips, milkshakes, ice creams, and other desserts. Avocado season in the Philippines is usually during end of summer and May to September in some parts of the country.

13 | Rambutan

Think of lychee but with fleshy spines! Its flesh has a sweet and mildly acidic taste. Rambutan season in the Philippines is from August to October.

14 | Lychees

Lychees grow in select areas in the Philippines due to its climate requirements which is around 15-19°C. Its translucent white flesh has floral smell and sweet flavor. Season of lychee in the Philippines is from May to August.

15 | Dragon Fruit (Pitaya)

In Season: June – October and December – January

One of the tropical fruits in the Philippines that soared into popularity just recently, dragon fruit has black and crunch seed with nutty taste. Its flesh, can be white, red or purple, is mildly sweet. Dragon fruit is used in juices and alcoholic beverages while the flowers can be eaten or made into tea. Dragon fruit seasons in the Philippines are June to October and December to January.

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16 | Mabolo

Velvet Apple or Mabolo

Velvet Apple or locally called in the Philippines as Mabolo. Usually, the tree is referred to as Kamagong while its fruit is called Mabolo or Talang. It is a fruit native to the Philippines and some parts of Taiwan and it is related to persimmons. The ripe fruit has varying colors from dark orange to red velvet with hairy skin. The flesh of the fruit is sweet with creamy and soft texture. It is best to peel and let it sit for a few minutes since it releases an unpleasant smell. Mabolo season in the Philippines is usually from July to August.

17 | Passion Fruit

Commonly used in juices, passion fruit is a type of berry with numerous seeds. It has a sweet and juicy interior which can be eaten raw.

18 | Melons (Cantaloupe, Honeydew, etc.)

Melon

In the Philippines, the two most popular varieties of melons are cantaloupe and honeydew. Their sweet and edible flesh are often used in salads and even juices. There’s an abundant supply of melons in the Philippines from April to July.

19 | Cotton Fruit (Santol)

Santol

The outer appearance of this fruit resembles peaches but it is divided into sections. Each section has a seed covered in edible pulp that looks like cotton. Some varieties are sour thus eaten with soy sauce and salt. Santol or cotton fruit season is usually May to July.

20 | Guava (Bayabas)

Guava

Guava is a round fruit with white or deep pink pulp that is often sweet when mature but bitter when unripe. The tiny seeds, found in the core, are hard thus they’re always left uneaten. Guavas tend to have strong smell when overripe. Guava is available year-round in the Philippines.

21 | Citrus (Oranges, Tangerines, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime)

There are different kinds of citrus fruits in the Philippines with calamansi as the most common. Other citrus fruits grown in the country are dalanghita or Tangerine Orange (has green rind but bigger than calamansi) and dayap (key lime). Oranges, tangerines, lemon, and pomelo are also popular. Citrus fruits in the Philippines are usually available year-round. Dalanghita season are usually from October – December and January – February.

22 | Strawberries

Strawberries may not be grown all over the Philippines due to its climate requirement which is colder, but you can easily find this fruit in the groceries nationwide. La Trinidad Strawberry Farm in Benguet offer strawberry picking activity to tourists. Season of strawberry picking usually happen from November to May.

23 | Black Plums (Duhat)

Black Plum or Duhat

Black plums, also called Java Plum and locally known as duhat, are oblong-shaped and resemble large berries. The unripe fruit is green and becomes crimson to black when ripe. The fruit has a combination of sweet and mildly sour taste. Duhat season in the Philippines is March to July.

24 | Cashews (Kasoy)

Cashew

Cashews are usually grown in Palawan and Ilocos Region hence cashew nuts are one of their top products. Nuts are sold roasted and often used for cakes, ice creams, candies, chocolate, and other desserts. The fruit is also used to make wine and vinegar. Cashew season in the Philippines is from February to May.

25 | Langsat (Lanzones)

Lanzones

Lanzones looks like potatoes but smaller in size. The fruit has clusters and has seeds covered in thick flesh that tastes a combination of sweet and sour. The main source of lanzones in the Philippines is the island province of Camiguin. The fruit is in season during the months of August to December.

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26 | Sapodilla (Chico)

Sapodilla or Chico

Locally known as chico, sapodilla is a brown fruit with brown and soft flesh which is quite grainy. The fruit tastes deliciously sweet though. Sapodilla season in the Philippines is usually January to February.

27 | Sugar Apple (Atis)

Sugar Apple or Atis

Referred to as atis by the locals, the sugar apple is round-shaped, has green knobby skin, and creamy white flesh. It has a custard-like flavor and eaten when ripe. Atis is almost available year-round anywhere in the Philippines.

28 | Tamarind (Sampalok)

Tamarind or Sampalok

The tamarind fruit comes in pods with hard, brown shells. Each pod contains a glossy brown shell covered in edible pulp that is green and tastes sour when unripe. When ripe, the pulp turns brown and the taste is less sour. The fruit is popularly made into candies and also used in stew. Tamarind season in the Philippines is from October to December.

29 | Elderberries (Sambucus)

Elderberry is popularly used as a dietary supplement in the form of capsule, tea or juice.

30 | Bilimbi (Kamias)

Bilimbi or Kamias

Kamias is an elongated fruit with light green skin that turns yellow green when ripe. Its flesh, which is white and crispy, is extremely sour hence typically eaten with salt. It’s commonly used in favorite local dishes like sinigang and paksiw. Bilimbi is mostly available year-round.

31 | Grapes (Ubas)

Grapes are not widely grown in the Philippines but the white variety can adapt well to local climate. Grape plantations are found in Cebu, Ilocos Region, South Cotabato, and Zamboanga as well as Iloilo and Antique. Grapes are usually abundant in the Philippines on March – May, September, and December.

32 | Soursop (Guyabano)

Soursop or Guyabano

Locally known as guyabano, soursop is commonly grown in backyards. The fruit has green and prickly skin while its edible flesh is white, soft, and juicy. The fruit is known to have high content of vitamin C, B1 and B2 hence it is being made into dietary supplement in the form of juice, capsule, powder, and tea. Soursop season in the Philippines is usually from August to November.

33 | Gooseberries (Lobo-lobohan)

A great source of vitamin C, gooseberries can be eaten as is or made into pies, fruit wines and teas as well as used to flavor sodas, milk, and even water.

34 | Sugarcane (Tubo)

Sugarcane or Tubo

In Aside from processing it to be made into sugar, sugarcane is also made into sugarcane juice, syrup, molasses, rum, and rock candy. Sugarcane season in the Philippines is usually October to May.

35 | Monkeypod (Kamatsile)

Monkeypod or Camachile

The fruit comes in a pod which is green when unripe and turns pink when ripe. Inside the pod are black shiny seeds covered in either white or pink edible pulp. The pulp is eaten raw and is a well-loved fruit among diabetics as it is said to help manage the disease. Monkeypod season in the Philippines is usually during summer months or from March to May.

36 | Jocote (Siniguelas)

Jocote or Sineguelas

This slightly elongated fruit is green when unripe and turns purple or red when ripe. Its thin skin, which is edible, covers the yellow pulp that tastes sweet when ripe. The large pit in the center is not edible. Jocote season in the Philippines is from April to June.

37 | Java Apple (Macopa)

Java Apple

This bell-shaped fruit varies in color – white, green, red, purple, and crimson. Its skin is thin and its white pulp is spongy. Both are edible and tastes like snow pear. Java apple season in the Philippines is from March to May.

38 | Star Apple (Kaimito)

Star Apple or Kaimito

Also known as kaimito, the fruit is known for its milky pulp that tastes really good when served chilled. When cut crosswise, the fruit displays a star pattern thus the name. Star apple season in the Philippines is from January to March.

39 | Marang

Sometimes mistaken as durian or jackfruit, the fruit of marang is smaller than jackfruit and not as intense-smelling as durian. Its white pulp tastes mildly creamy, reminiscent of juicy banana. This fruit is abundant in Palawan and Mindanao. Marang season in the Philippines is from August to September.

40 | Canistel (Chesa or Tiesa)

Canistel or Tiesa

The tree produces a glossy fruit with pulp that which could be pasty, creamy or mousse-like depending on the variety. It is eaten fresh but can also be made into jam, marmalade, pancakes, shake, and puree. Canistel season in the Philippines is from October to November.

41 | Aratilis

Aratilis, also known as Muntingia, is a small tree from the Elaeocarpaceae family. Its scientific name is Muntingia calabura. The fruit is a small, sweet, and tangy berry-like drupe, typically red. The fruits grow in clusters and are often eaten fresh. They have a taste similar to cherries, with a soft texture and tiny seeds. Aratilis is popular among children, who enjoy picking the fruits directly from the tree. It is commonly found in Philippines’ backyards, gardens, and roadsides, and the mature tree bears fruit throughout the year.

These are just a few examples of the many tropical fruits that flourish in the Philippines. The country’s diverse climate and fertile soil contribute to the abundance and variety of these delicious fruits.

READ MORE: Calendar of Seasonal Fruits in the Philippines | Popular Vegetables in the Philippines

About the Author

Patrick

Patrick is an entrepreneur, digital nomad, explorer, and photographer. Patrick is always in search of fun and adventure. He is well travelled throughout the world, and although location independent, his home base is Phoenix, Arizona in the USA. Patrick loves island lifestyle which is no wonder why he is so interested in spending time in the Philippines with it’s over 7,000 islands. Patrick created this site to share his knowledge of and experiences in the Philippines with Filipinos as well as other foreigners.

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  • You have the most extensive list of Philippine fruits I have seen. I thought a few of them ie. (elderberry, gooseberry), were Western fruits & didn’t know that they could be found in the country.