Basilan Province

Written by Patrick


The Province of Basilan is an island province of the Philippines in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. Its capital is Lamitan City. Basilan Island is the largest and northernmost of the major islands of the Sulu Archipelago. Basilan is located across the southern tip of Zamboanga Peninsula (Region 9) and is bounded on the north by Basilan Strait, on the east by Moro Gulf, on the southeast by Celebes Sea and on the west by Sulu Sea.



Coordinates: 11°40′N 122°20′E


The following are a few useful and interesting details about this province.

7°N 122°E | View Map
Year Founded:
1948 or 1973
Lamitan City
1,327.23 km2 (512.45 sq mi)
350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Cities & Towns:
2 Component cities, 11 Towns (Municipalities)
971 m (3,186 ft) (Basilan Peak)
Time Zone:
Zip Code:
Area code:
+63 (062)-XXX-XXXX
Standard voltage is 220V.
Plug commonly used is Type A but Types B and C are used as well.
Bring A to B adapter(s).
Philippine Peso (PHP)
Exchange Rate:
Approximately 1 USD = 50 PHP | click for exact exchange rate
Income Class:
Third Class
65% Muslim and 33% Christian (most are Roman Catholic)
Chavacano, Tausug, Yakan, Sama, Cebuano, English
Known For:
Coconut, rubber, coffee, black pepper, and African palm oil.
Major Industries:
Agriculture (coconut, coffee, black pepper, and African palm oil)
Best Time to Visit:
March to July
Casual light clothing: shorts, t-shirt, sandals. Light jacket and pants at night, at higher elevations, and boating.
Basilan Airport Runway | Zamboanga International Airport
Bana Seaport
Bus Terminal(s):


The climate in this province is similar to other areas in the Zamboanga Peninsula. The annual average rainfall is 1,100 millimetres (43 in) and the mean annual temperature is 26.6 °C (79.9 °F). The source of the rainfall is the southwest monsoon and the island’s location in the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The climate is classified as a tropical wet and dry climate or Aw using the Köppen climate classification system.  

Basilan is outside the typhoon belt. Prevailing winds are from the southwest with a speed of 4 knots (7.4 km/h).

March to May is hot and dry, with temperature averaging 22 °C (72 °F). June to October is rainy. November to February is cool, with temperatures ranging from 22 °C (72 °F) to 28 °C (82 °F). Average humidity year-round is 77%.

While Basilan has stunning beaches, only very few people had the courage to step foot in the province due to conflict between the Philippine Government and Muslim militias. However, it is generally safe to visit as long as you stay within Isabela City, the capital of Basilan. Visit Basilan any time within the months of March to July as various events and festivals take place during this period.

The most appropriate clothing in this province is casual light clothing: shorts, t-shirt, sandals.

Light jacket and pants at night, at higher elevations, and boating.

READ MORE: Climate & Weather in the Philippines


Basilan Province Map

The Basilan province is divided into 11 Municipalities, 2 Cities:

  • Akbar
  • Al-Barka
  • Hadji Mohammad Ajul
  • Hadji Muhtamad
  • Isabela City
  • Lamitan
  • Lantawan
  • Maluso
  • Sumisip
  • Tabuan-Lasa
  • Tipo-Tipo
  • Tuburan
  • Ungkaya Pukan


There are 5 Islands in Basilan:

  • Baluk
  • Bubuan Island
  • Hadji Muhtamad
  • Malamawi Island
  • Tapiantana Island


The following is a list of points of interest relating to the Basilan province: 

  • Basilan National Park
  • Basilan Peak
  • Bulingan Falls
  • Calugusan Beach
  • Dassalan Island
  • Hami Beach
  • Malamawi Beach
  • Sibago Island

If you plan to visit the province of Basilan, you can use the following sites to determine the best places to stay:


The following is a list of festivals celebrated in Basilan throughout the year:

  • Pakaradjaan Basilan (1st week of March) – Isabela
  • Lami-Lamihan Festival (3rd week of April) – Lamitan
  • Cocowayan Festival (April 20-25) – Isabela
  • Fiesta Santa Isabel (July 8) – Isabela


The following are the most frequently asked questions about the Basilan province.

Where in the Philippines is Basilan located?
Basilan is an island province located across the southern tip of Zamboanga Peninsula in Mindanao.

Is Basilan a city or province?
Basilan is a province.

What is the Capital of Basilan?
The capital of Basilan is Lamitan City.

What is Basilan known for?
Basilan is known for religious shrines, and coconut and rubber plantations.

How do I get to Basilan?
There are several ways to get to Basilan, the most common being from Zamboanga City:

  • Fast Craft | 1 hour | $2.8-$3.4
  • Ferry | 2 hours | $1.40-$2

RESOURCE: Best Online Transportation Resource for the Philippines

How many islands are in Basilan?
There are 5 islands in the province.

Is Basilan safe?
Basilan may be safe for locals but not really for tourists due to violent clashes between the government and rebel groups.

Is the climate the same as the rest of the Philippines?
The climate of Basilan is considered tropical. It is similar to most provinces in the Philippines.

READ MORE: Climate & Weather in the Philippines


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About the Author


Patrick is an entrepreneur, digital nomad, explorer, and photographer. Patrick is always in search of fun and adventure. He is well travelled throughout the world, and although location independent, his home base is Phoenix, Arizona in the USA. Patrick loves island lifestyle which is no wonder why he is so interested in spending time in the Philippines with it’s over 7,000 islands. Patrick created this site to share his knowledge of and experiences in the Philippines with Filipinos as well as other foreigners.

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